ERIC Number: ED327806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Race Differences in Self-Perception and Locus of Control during Adolescence and Early Adulthood.
Tashakkori, Abbas; Thompson, Vaida D.
Data from a longitudinal sample of 14,721 White (7,193 male, 7,528 female) and 5,197 Black (2,400 male, 2,797 female) respondents tested first between ages 16 and 19 and in two follow-ups were explored in relation to Black-White, male-female differences in self-esteem and causal orientations. On general self-esteem scores, Blacks rated themselves more positively than did Whites. Blacks also rated themselves more positively on specific self-beliefs, (e.g., social attractiveness), although the magnitude of differences in such cases was quite small. On control measures, Blacks perceived greater external control pertaining to both cultural events and personal efficacy, although they had slightly greater expectations about future academic success. Results about general and personal self-efficacy of Blacks are somewhat inconsistent with earlier reports. Females tended to show less self-efficacy than males, but there were no interactions of race and sex. Even in the presence of significant effects for race and/or sex, mean differences tended to be relatively small. The findings suggest that, although differences exist between races and between sexes, they are rarely of large magnitude, and they tend to dissipate over time as adolescents leave school and become adults. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).