ERIC Number: ED327801
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug-10
An AIDS Hotline: Primary Prevention in the Community.
Wellman, Mary M.
As the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic escalates, the need for primary prevention programs to disseminate information has become more important than ever. This research is an analysis of all calls received by an AIDS hotline in central Massachusetts over an 8-month period. Of the 387 calls received, 55% were from males. The majority of callers were in their 20s (42%) or 30s (22%), with 5% of calls coming from adolescents. Among risk behaviors, 9% of callers identified themselves as homosexual men, 3% identified themselves as bisexual men, and 7% identified themselves as intravenous drug users. Forty-five percent called to ask questions about what constituted high-risk behavior. Only 2% of callers were already diagnosed as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected. Forty-three percent of callers wanted information about HIV testing, while only 17% were interested in safer sex information. Adolescents tended to be more interested in obtaining safer sex information. A highly significant gender difference in presenting problems was noted. Men called primarily because they were concerned about their own health and possibility of infection, while women called primarily because they were concerned about family members, partners, or friends. These hotline data point out the need for further education and community outreach. (NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).