ERIC Number: ED327798
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
How Emotional Are Males and Females around Others?
Beall, Anne E.
This study explored the effects of the presence of another person on males' and females' experience and expression of emotion. In either the presence or absence of a confederate experimenter, 33 female and 34 male college students were asked to select a teacher and student from their high school and then to give impersonal or personal information about each target person. Impersonal information consisted of topics such as the person's socioeconomic status, area of residence, and educational standards. For personal information, subjects discussed their current evaluation of the person and how the target person had affected them. Then subjects rated their experience of emotion: happiness, sadness, and emotional intensity felt toward the target people and evoked by the descriptions. In addition, 32 judges rated the expression of emotion conveyed in the verbal descriptions. The only effect found for reported emotion was a main effect for gender. Female subjects reported experiencing greater amounts of emotion than did male subjects. Judges' ratings showed that when subjects provided personal descriptions, males expressed the most emotion in the presence of a confederate experimenter and females expressed the most emotion when alone. The results of this study are interpreted in terms of differential male and female sensitivity to a non-interactive confederate experimenter. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).