ERIC Number: ED327758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Special Problems of the Elderly.
Hull, Kathleen V.
Within the next 40 years, people age 65 and over will comprise 20% of the population, yet problems facing this older generation and their families are just coming to the attention of researchers and the public. Accordingly, this literature review focuses on the special needs of older adults and their families. After an introductory overview, the paper first reviews studies on adjustment to retirement, addressing issues such as cultural stereotypes, sex differences in adjustment, factors influencing survival rates, successful approaches to post-retirement job seeking, and marital well-being after retirement. The second part of the paper reviews research on social support networks among the elderly, including spouses, children, friends, and hired caregivers. The third section reviews studies of issues related to coping with the death of a spouse, role loss and other stressful transitions common to older adults. The fourth section addresses research on the availability and use of educational opportunities by the aged. The fifth section covers research on the correlates of life satisfaction among the elderly. These include educational level, health, income, marital satisfaction, and relationships with children. The final section reviews studies of leisure activities among older adults, including studies of what motivates older adults to pursue various kinds of leisure activities and the beneficial effects of such activities on life satisfaction. The paper concludes with a series of recommendations based on these findings for communities, families, and counseling professionals. Thirty-four references are included. (TE)
Descriptors: Adult Children, Age Discrimination, Aging (Individuals), Death, Educational Gerontology, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Frail Elderly, Life Satisfaction, Older Adults, Parent Child Relationship, Recreational Activities, Retirement, Sex Differences, Social Support Groups, Stress Management, Widowed
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M.Ed. research paper, Midwestern State University.