ERIC Number: ED327622
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Dropping Out of School in the North Central Region of the United States: Costs and Consequences. Success for Students at Risk.
Catterall, James S.
This study examines the individual and social costs associated with dropping out of high school in the North Central Region of the United States. Dropouts incur personal costs in the form of reduced earnings, higher chances of being unemployed, and higher likelihood of involvement with crime. Social costs appear in the form of lower total productivity of the labor force, lower tax collections, and higher needs for public services such as welfare, health, and employment services. Statistical data were analyzed from the 1980 U.S. Census and national dropout research. The following findings are reported: (1) graduates show higher earnings than dropouts; (2) dropouts show higher unemployment rates than graduates; (3) dropouts are three times more likely than graduates to live in poverty; (4) dropouts are overrepresented in the populations served by public services; (5) dropouts report higher public assistance subsidies than do graduates; and (6) a higher proportion of dropouts than graduates reported serious trouble with the law. The paper concludes that enough is known about the individual and social costs of dropping out of school to justify additional public attention to the problem. Statistical data are presented in nine tables. (FMW)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Crime, Dropouts, Economic Impact, High Schools, Income, Outcomes of Education, Policy Formation, Poverty, Unemployment, Welfare Services
North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, 295 Emroy Ave., Elmhurst, IL 60126 (Order no. SAR-712. $6.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Central Regional Educational Lab., Elmhurst, IL.
Note: One in a Series of Reports on Students at Risk.