ERIC Number: ED327563
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
On-Line and Memory-Based Problem Solving: A Comparison of Transfer Effects.
Sanders, Cheryl E.; Phye, Gary D.
Two studies examined the effects of on-line processing and memory-based processing on the transfer of analogy problem-solving strategies. Male and female college students (N=189) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups and a control group. Each experimental condition involved a different type of training strategy (advice, feedback, or advice and feedback) for solving analogies. The training trials were administered in order to establish problem solving schemata during practice. The control group received no training. Following the training trials, a common transfer task was administered to determine whether general and/or specific problem-solving schema were used as the basis for transfer. The first study included a transfer task administered immediately after training (on-line transfer), while the second study involved a 7-day interval between the training and transfer tasks (memory-based transfer). Results indicate that transfer was superior in the experimental groups of both studies. In addition, on-line processing and memory-based processing produced similar transfer effects. Consequently, the findings support the interpretation that the problem-solving schema established during training was utilized for the transfer task. Three tables and one figure are included. (Author/TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A