ERIC Number: ED327287
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Effects of Retention on Achievement and Self-Concept of Kindergarten and First Grade Students.
Butler, Joan M.; Handley, Herbert M.
This study compared academic achievement and self-concept of kindergarten and first grade students who had been retained with first graders who had not been retained. The academic achievement of kindergarten children who were retained was also compared with that of children socially promoted to first grade. Results indicated that both kindergarten and first grade students who were retained made gains in achievement by repeating their work. Kindergarten children who were retained scored higher in reading and mathematics than did children who were socially promoted to first grade. Self-concept scores for the children who had repeated a grade were not significantly different from those of promoted children. (PCB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 1990).