ERIC Number: ED327223
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
The Effect of Computer Assisted Instruction and the Academic Achievement of Junior College Students.
Land, Warren A.; Haney, Julia J.
The role influx of underprepared students has challenged community colleges to develop effective ways to improve teaching and learning strategies in the classroom. In 1990, a study was conducted by the Mississippi State University Educational Media Center to compare the effects of traditional versus Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) on the academic achievement of students in a junior college psychology course. The study sample consisted of 145 students of equivalent aptitude and ability as assessed by American College Testing scores. Of these students, 70 were taught in a traditional lecture format, while 75 students received CAI in the classroom. The achievement of the two groups, as measured by grade point average (GPA), was compared through the use of an analysis of covariance model. In addition to teaching method, independent variables examined were race, age, and sex. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the mean GPA's of the two groups; the CAI group's GPA was higher (4.06 on a five-point scale) than the non-CAI group (3.59). Among the additional variables examined, only student age was found to be significantly related to performance. An examination of student attitudes toward the course and the professor found CAI students to be more positive than those taught through the use of traditional methods. (GFW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State. Coll. of Education.