ERIC Number: ED327218
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Developing Metacognition. ERIC Digest.
Blakey, Elaine; Spence, Sheila
Studies show that metacognitive strategies can increase learning skills and that independent use of these metacognitive strategies can be gradually developed in people. The school library media center is the ideal place for students to learn how to develop metacognitive strategies; that is, they can learn how to connect new information to former knowledge, deliberately select thinking strategies, and plan, monitor, and evaluate these thinking processes. There are six basic strategies for developing metacognitive behaviors in students: (1) they must consciously identify what they "know" as opposed to "what they don't know"; (2) they must then develop a thinking vocabulary so that they can verbally describe their thinking processes; (3) they should keep a thinking journal or learning log in which they reflect upon their learning processes; (4) they must also learn how to assume responsibility for regulating their learning activities, including estimating time requirements, organizing materials and scheduling the procedures necessary to complete an activity (the media center's resources lend themselves quite well to this task); (5) they must learn how to review and evaluate these strategies as either successful or inappropriate; and (6) they must participate in guided self-evaluation through individual conferences and checklists focusing on the thinking process. Metacognitive environments must be established in schools if teachers and media specialists are to be able to encourage students' development of problem-solving and learning skills. (4 references and 4 additional readings) (MAB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Resources Centers, Learning Strategies, Metacognition, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Student Behavior, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, 030 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 (free while supply lasts).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Media Staff; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A