ERIC Number: ED327037
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
A Model Teaching Environment For Using Word Processors with LD Children. The Writing Project. Technical Report No. 2.
Neuman, Susan B.; And Others
This report presents first year (1984-85) findings of The Writing Project, a 2-year school-based study of the use of word processing to improve learning disabled children's writing skills. Based in three Massachusetts school districts, the project focused in the first year on intensive observation of 14 fourth grade children as they wrote with word processors. Two contrasting teaching environments were identified: the compliance model, aimed at promoting students' mastery of specific writing conventions and writing structures/ideas presented by the teacher; and the facilitation model, aimed at helping students generate and expand ideas and structures of their own. Facilitative models which promote student involvement in composing were found to have three overall characteristics: (1) teachers give children strategies for generating and organizing their own ideas; (2) teachers focus children's attention at the drafting stage on developing ideas in writing, rather than revising and editing, or on mastering the word processor; and (3) teachers reinforce children as capable thinkers and writers. (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Oriented Programs, Intermediate Grades, Learning Disabilities, Models, Personal Autonomy, Program Effectiveness, Student Motivation, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Word Processing, Writing (Composition), Writing Instruction
The Writing Project, Educational Development Center, 55 Chapel St., Newton, MA 02160.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Education Development Center, Inc., Newton, MA.
Note: For Technical Report No. 1, see EC 232 688; for other related documents, see ED 296 492 and ED 319 181.