ERIC Number: ED326873
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Premises, Premises: New Ways To Think about Sentence Combining.
By limiting sentence combining to the arena of syntax and skills, an individual's own thinking is seriously constricted. Any linguistic act is simultaneously two games at once--an "inner game" of intention and strategy, and an "outer game" of actual performance. According to this formulation, all language events are intentional, purposeful, and social--a way of personally constructing the world and communicating it (to others). Much of the writing process movement has shown how increased attention to the inner game can result in better outer game performance. Since writing is thinking, more planning should lead to better writing. To date, most sentence combining activities have focused on outer game performance, not on the interplay of intentions and strategy with sentence-level decisions. Frank Smith says that much language learning is vicarious--that to the extent that people are engaged as members of the Literacy Club they are internalizing an enormous array of lessons, without conscious effort or awareness. Certain types of given-language activities--assuming that they stimulate inner game/outer game learning--provide an alternate way to help certain students regain sensitivity to literacy lessons. They support such learning because they engage students collaboratively. (One format for a persuasive writing lesson is included and 12 references are attached.) (MG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English (80th, Atlanta, GA, November 16-21, 1990).