ERIC Number: ED326836
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of the Computer on the Teaching of Reading: A Review of the Literature.
Darter, Clarence L., Jr.; Phelps, Lucy N.
A review of the literature on the use of the computer in teaching reading included studies that centered on basic reading skills and studies that, for the most part, supported the use of computer assisted instruction (CAI) to assist in developing these skills. The research indicated that CAI in reading is effective for a wide variety of reading skills and concept areas. Many researchers believed and produced evidence that the computer has already begun to bring students great benefits, such as better, more comfortable and faster learning of basic reading skills. CAI has been effective in raising reading achievement, especially when used to supplement regular teacher-presented instruction, and has produced a decided advantage in reducing the time taken to learn. Some investigators believed computers were more effective with younger students. The research dealt with diverse age levels, and varied from the intellectually handicapped to the gifted and talented. CAI has had a positive effect on student and teacher attitudes and motivation. A few research studies found no advantage in using CAI to increase student achievement since scores on post-tests were no better than those which involved only traditional methods. However, even those studies suggested that there were other advantages, such as student motivation, saving of teachers' time, savings of students' learning time, and opportunities for increased practice and reteaching. The computer is limited in its ability to contribute to this literacy only by man's capabilities and imagination. Thirty-four references are attached. (MG)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A