ERIC Number: ED326792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Social Relationships and Perceived Well-Being of Older Adults in Contemporary Middletown.
Morris, David C.
The general objective of this study was to examine life satisfaction within the milieu of a classic, sociological, community setting: Middletown, U.S.A. Subjects (N=400) were persons, 60 years of age and older, over one-half of whom were married and most of whom had at least one living child. A significant majority of these older Middletowners reported high levels of both life satisfaction and good health. Most appeared to feel that their income was at least adequate for their needs. After examining a large pool of independent variables, a multiple regression analysis revealed that five variables accounted for the vast majority of variance in life satisfaction. Those variables were: subjective health status, the variable with the greatest overall effect; comparative life satisfaction; sufficient contact with a confidant; degree of loneliness; and satisfaction with income. The amount of contact with friends, neighbors, offspring and/or amount of income were not significantly related to differing levels of life satisfaction. The findings tend to confirm the view that it is more often the perception of quality and not necessarily the quantity of social bonds, statuses, and relationships which account for varying degrees of life satisfaction or well-being. (ABL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (43rd, Boston, MA, November 16-20, 1990).