ERIC Number: ED326595
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Policies for Children: Proceedings of the 1989 New York Education Policy Seminar. Rockefeller Institute Special Report Number 29.
Kirst, Michael W.; McLaughlin, Milbrey
Most disadvantaged children have multiple needs that require a comprehensive, integrated approach to service delivery. A recent study of the conditions of children reported the following changes since 1969 that warrant a reassessment of service delivery: (1) the number of children living in poverty has increased; (2) family structure and working patterns have shifted dramatically; and (3) the number of minority group children has increased relative to the majority population. These changes require a revamping of the present inefficient and ineffective delivery system that is unable to meet the multiple needs of disadvantaged children. The following examples of promising short-term solutions are described: (1) Ventura and San Bernardino Counties (California) interagency network; (2) the Minneapolis Youth Coordinating Board (Minnesota); and (3) the Ounce of Prevention Fund, which supports a statewide system in Illinois. A long-term solution might be found by using schools as a structural "hub" for organizing and brokering an effective, integrated system of service delivery. The following examples of partially successful state interventions are described: (1) state commissions; (2) legislative committees; (3) consolidated budgets; (4) children's codes; (5) traditional programs; (6) interagency cooperation; (7) legislative mandates; and (8) task forces. Positive political momentum to improve federal and state systems has been hampered by federal budget deficits and slower state revenue growth. This situation could be improved by federal incentive grants for state and local initiatives and selective state deregulation when localities demonstrate effective services integration plans. Statistical data are presented in a graph. (FMW)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Childhood Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal State Relationship, Government Role, High Risk Students, Human Services, Minority Group Children, Public Agencies, School Role, State Programs
The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, 411 State Street, Albany, NY 12203 ($3.00; 20% discount on 10 or more).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany. Nelson A. Rockefeller Inst. of Government.