ERIC Number: ED326363
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Beyond High School: The Experience of Rural and Urban Youth in the 1980s. Staff Working Papers.
Pollard, Kelvin; O'Hare, William P.
The deterioration of industries in rural America in the 1980s has placed rural youth in a difficult situation. Those who remain in rural areas face a scarcity of good jobs, while those who leave face competition for employment against better-educated metropolitan youth. A study was conducted to: (1) examine the educational experiences of both metro and nonmetro youth by their senior year in 1980; (2) analyze what had happened to these same seniors six years later in terms of education, income, and occupational status; and (3) determine the impact of migration on the senior class of 1980. Using the data file of the High School and Beyond survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Education, the study determined that metropolitan youth had several advantages over nonmetropolitan youth by their senior year in high school. The 1980 data show that metro seniors were more likely to (1) have well-educated parents; (2) have taken a curriculum that better prepared them for college; and (3) score higher on tests of cognitive skills. Follow-up data from 1986 show that metro seniors tended to: (1) continue formal education; (2) have higher incomes and earnings; and (3) be more likely to work in white-collar jobs than nonmetro seniors. The difference in occupational status was evident at nearly all levels of education. Rural youth have diminished opportunities which have often made a successful transition to adulthood more difficult. Data tables are included in the appendix. (ALL)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Attendance, Followup Studies, High School Seniors, High Schools, Outcomes of Education, Rural Areas, Rural Population, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth, Social Mobility, Student Characteristics, Student Development
Population Reference Bureau, Inc., 777 14th St. NW, Suite 800, Washington, DC 20005 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Aspen Inst., Durham, NH. Rural Economic Policy Program.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.