ERIC Number: ED326353
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-May
Reference Count: 0
Declining Wages of Young Workers in Rural America. Staff Working Papers.
O'Hare, William P.; Pauti, Anne
In the 1980s, the falling incomes and climbing poverty rates characterizing young workers in rural America were closely linked to rapidly changing national and international economic systems. Findings of a recent Senate Budget Committee study indicate that between 1979 and 1987 the share of young workers (ages 16-34) with low-wage jobs increased nationally by 4.7%. Further analysis of the committee data reported in this document shows that the share of young rural workers having low-wage jobs increased by 11% in those years compared to 4% for young urban workers. The mean earnings of young rural workers fell by 13% compared to an increase of 1% for young workers in urban areas. The decline in wages for young rural workers was pervasive, although men, blacks, and part-time workers experienced a bigger decline in wages than did women, whites, or full-time workers. Wages of young rural workers in every sector declined, but those in extractive industries, manufacturing, and trade experienced the biggest decrease in earnings in every region except New England. The wage decrease for young workers is related to the rise of the poverty rate for young rural families (those headed by persons ages 18 to 29) from 19% in 1979 to 32% in 1986. The rise of poverty for young rural families along with the shifting economic fortunes of male and female workers in rural America are likely to have ramifications for marriage and family. This report, which bears on the issue of school to work transition in rural areas, contains statistical tables and 28 references. (ALL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Aspen Inst., Durham, NH. Rural Economic Policy Program.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.