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ERIC Number: ED326302
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 75
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-935989-31-5
The Case for Mixed-Age Grouping in Early Education.
Katz, Lilian G.; And Others
In six brief chapters, mixed-age grouping of young children in schools and child care centers is explored and advocated. Chapter 1 defines mixed-age grouping, examines limitations of single-age grouping, and points out positive characteristics of mixed-age classes. Chapter 2 discusses social development as seen in children's interactions in mixed-age groups. Various studies are cited that focus on how children perceive one another and adapt their behavior and expectations accordingly, how children exhibit specific prosocial behaviors in mixed-age situations, and how children's group participation varies. Chapter 3 reviews studies on the cognitive effects of mixed-age grouping, concluding that psychologists and educators do not yet fully understand how mixed-age interaction affects cognitive development, and calling for more research on the interactive processes involved and the teacher's role in them. Chapter 4 discusses two strategies for mixed-age learning: peer tutoring and cooperative learning. Chapter 5 describes examples of successful implementation of mixed-age programs, including a 2-year kindergarten at the University of Northern Iowa's Malcolm Price Laboratory School, and the Fajans School in Sweden where elementary school-age children were not grouped by age or ability. Chapter 6 addresses four basic questions about implementing mixed-age grouping. A brief section giving conclusions and recommendations is provided, followed by 63 bibliographic citations and appended suggestions for teachers working with mixed-age groups. (RH)
National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1834 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009-5786 (NAEYC Publication No. 333, $6.00).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.; National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC.
Note: Supersedes ED 308 991.