ERIC Number: ED326146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Oct
Price and Quality in Higher Education.
Gilmore, Jeffrey L.
This study of 502 private, general baccalaureate institutions examined relationships between charges for tuition and traditional measures of institutional quality (such as selectivity, reputation, financial and physical resources, curricular diversity, student-faculty ratios, library holdings, and graduate school placements). The study also tested an explanatory model of institutional effectiveness that considers the effects of finances as well as institutional characteristics, and identifies the structural elements underlying institutional performance on student outcomes (represented by an Educational Progress variable, which is a composite of freshman grade point average, sophomore retention, and graduation rates). Findings showed that consumer price was positively and significantly correlated with 27 variables representing institutional quality. Higher priced institutions generally performed better with respect to Educational Progress, though 31% of the institutions ran counter to expectations, with some of the lower priced colleges outperforming some of the higher priced colleges, and with some of the higher priced colleges showing poor performance. Certain specific institutional characteristics, especially academic enrichment programs and student activities, may be more effective than others in promoting student educational progress. Other factors, such as the percentage of full-time faculty, were found to hinder student attainment. (154 references.) (JDD)
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Fees, Higher Education, Instructional Student Costs, Models, Organizational Effectiveness, Performance Factors, Private Colleges, School Effectiveness, School Funds, Tuition, Undergraduate Study
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Office of Research.