ERIC Number: ED326004
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Behavior Management of Special Needs Learners: Positive Approaches.
Missouri Univ., Columbia. Missouri LINC.
The paper addresses behavior management strategies for developing new behaviors in special needs learners, strategies for changing existing behaviors, and strategies for developing behavioral generalization. An introductory overview identifies five basic principles of behavior management. Fourteen behavioral terms are then defined (e.g., contingency contracting, extinction, Premack principle, timeout). Guidelines for practitioners are addressed through answers to frequently asked questions including: why do instructors need a behavior management system? when does behavior management work best? when are specific behavior management techniques needed? and what are some strategies for developing behavior generalization? Behavioral strategies briefly described include modeling, encouragement, verbal reward consequences, verbal correction consequences, contingency contracting, timeout, and self-monitoring. Attachments include a list of 99 ways to say "very good", a sample contingency contract, a list of reinforcers identified by secondary-aged students, and two sample teaching plans. Thirteen references are listed. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Modification, Classroom Techniques, Contingency Management, Definitions, Discipline, Elementary Secondary Education, Generalization, Positive Reinforcement, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Special Needs Students, Teaching Methods, Timeout
Instructional Materials Laboratory, University of Missouri-Columbia, 10 London Hall, Columbia, MO 65211 (free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., Columbia. Missouri LINC.