ERIC Number: ED325938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Reform, Restructuring, Site-Based Management, and the New Face of Power in Schools.
Goldman, Paul; Dunlap, Diane M.
This paper examines the relationship between demands for site-based management and restructuring as they bear on recent theory and research on power in organizations. It also defines and describes the new face of power in the schools--facilitative power, power exercised through, rather than over, subordinates. The bulk of the paper consists of an attempt to show how power sharing is already in place in many current school activities. Six programs that encourage facilitative power are described: the Individual Educational Program in special education; the consultant teacher model, increasingly a component of special education delivery systems; peer consultation; cooperative learning; thematic, multidisciplinary curricula in which staff members work a specific curricular theme into the school activities; and community/alternative schools, which take curricular themes much further. These programs are discussed in relation to four characteristics of facilitative power: resource management, human resource utilization, supervision, and networking. Conclusions are that many school administrators already possess facilitative skills and knowledge and that the potential of a restructuring plan can be measured by its effect on administrators' ability to utilize facilitative power. One table accompanies the document. (45 references) (LMI)
Descriptors: Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Role, Administrators, Educational Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Human Resources, Networks, Organizational Climate, Participative Decision Making, Power Structure, Resource Allocation, School Based Management, School Restructuring, Supervision
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the University Council for Educational Administration (Pittsburgh, PA, October 26-28, 1990).