ERIC Number: ED325731
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Stress and Coping at Work and at Home: The Spillover Issue.
Carbone, Dominic J.
For people who work in high stress occupations the effects of certain stressful situations can take their toll not only on workers' performance at work and their psychological well being, but also on their family life. This study explored the relationships between job stress, psychological distress, occupational and family outcomes, and coping at work and at home, and attempted to improve on a method of coping scale development first proposed by Latack (1986). Stressors were categorized in this study as job ambiguity, job conflict, and job overload. Subjects were workers (N=129) and their spouses and cohabitants (N=40). High job stress was related to and predictive of poor organizational, psychological, and family outcomes. Coping at work was related to increased occupational self-esteem and job satisfaction. Coping at home with the stress encountered at work was related to increased psychological distress. The families of the workers perceived themselves as having only positive effects on the worker, and perceived the job as having only negative effects on family life; the worker generally saw the job as having primarily positive effects on the family. The Latack coping scales and other measures were judged to have performed reliably. A longitudinal design with a more heterogeneous sample is suggested for future research in this area. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (97th, New Orleans, LA, August 11-15, 1989).