ERIC Number: ED325718
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul-7
Reference Count: N/A
Correctional Education: A State of the Art Analysis.
Ryan, T. A.; Woodard, Joseph Clifton, Jr.
A state-of-the-art analysis of correctional education in the United States was undertaken to determine significant changes or trends in relation to earlier studies in 1973 and 1977, years in which the prevailing philosophy guiding corrections was rehabilitation and resocialization, as opposed to the 1980s emphasis on deterrence and incapacitation. A mail survey was sent to all state directors of correctional education in 1983, with replies received from 44 states and the District of Columbia. Results were reported as descriptions of the extent and nature of correctional education programs for adult offenders in 1983, the nature of educational and vocational testing, and the administrative structures, budgets, and teaching personnel. Comparison of the 1983 data and the earlier studies was made through statistics for each time period. Statistics reported by the Lehigh study showed that the average number of inmates enrolled in educational programs of any kind had increased from 304 in 1977 to 571 in 1983. Staffing comparisons were not possible due to different reporting techniques. Some of the same tests were used on inmates throughout the period, but in different proportions. Expenditures per student increased from $906 to $1,579 between 1977 and 1983. The administration of correctional education and the number of correctional school districts showed little change over the years. Twelve tables provide comparative data. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A