ERIC Number: ED325631
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Effective Approaches to Teaching Basic Skills to Adults: A Research Synthesis.
Darkenwald, Gordon G.
Effective teaching in adult basic education (ABE) is especially complex and difficult due to context--specific factors that function synergetically to impede success in teaching and learning. These distinctive attributes include open enrollment, irregular attendance, time on task, student diversity, and teacher characteristics. Research concerned with instructional outcomes shows that effective teaching methods cannot be disentangled from context, purpose, curriculum, and other variables. Suggestions for needed research include identifying: (1) errors, strengths, and weaknesses that characterize adult readers at different levels; (2) length of time for adults to progress through different reading levels; (3) needed amount of direct instruction; (4) needed amount of independent reading; (5) differences between development of literacy skills in adults and children; and (6) alternatives to conventional diagnostic and assessment tests. Three approaches that characterize contemporary practice in adult literacy education are competency-based adult education, tutorial approaches, and community-oriented approaches. (The paper includes a table summarizing research on methods and materials, summaries of five adult literacy education programs validated as effective by the Joint Dissemination Review Panel, and a six-page bibliography.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A