ERIC Number: ED325601
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Community Involvement and Disadvantaged Students: A Review and Annotated Bibliography. Report No. 8.
Nettles, Saundra Murray; Greenberg, Brenda
This review examines literature on the community's role in the achievement and psychosocial outcomes of disadvantaged students. It identifies three classes of factors as pertinent: community structure, community climate, and community involvement. Community characteristics were found to have only a weak effect on achievement at the individual level. Noise and household density were found to have an adverse effect on student behavior, however. Community involvement is described here as comprising four processes: mobilization, allocation of resources, academic improvement, and conversion, or turning a student around via a powerful message. This report includes many case studies of programs and descriptions of research on program effectiveness. The types of programs discussed include dropout and pregnancy prevention, projects that link students to various community institutions, and activities that engage students in pursuits that are constructive and enriching. Research is needed to help program developers address two tough challenges: identifying effective practices from among the scores that now exist, and fostering student participation in program activities. This report includes bibliographical references, a separate annotated bibliography on community support for disadvantaged students, and a directory describing programs mentioned in the body of the report. (DM)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Blacks, Case Studies, Community Characteristics, Community Involvement, Community Services, Disadvantaged Youth, Dropout Prevention, Drug Use, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrichment Activities, Hispanic Americans, Incentives, Mentors, Pregnancy, Program Effectiveness
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on Effective Schooling for Disadvantaged Students, Baltimore, MD.