ERIC Number: ED325561
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Dropout Rates in the United States: 1989.
Kaufman, Phillip; Frase, Mary J.
This is the second annual report to Congress required by the Hawkins-Stafford Elementary and Secondary School Improvement Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-297). It presents data on high school dropout and retention rates for 1989 and time series data since 1968. It also examines high school completion and graduation rates. Two kinds of dropout rates are reported: (1) the event dropout rate; and (2) the status dropout rate. The event dropout rate represents the proportion of students who leave school during a single year. In the past 3 years the rate has been 4.5 percent for students in grades 10-12, which represents about 429,000 per year. The status dropout rate represents the proportion of individuals who are not enrolled in school and have not completed high school. In October 1989, 12.6 percent of 16- to 24-year-olds were status dropouts, representing about 4 million. A third kind of dropout rate--the cohort rate--was not covered because no new data have become available since the last report. Nationally, the status dropout rate has been declining since the late 1960s and the event dropout rate since the late 1970s. The status dropout rate for Blacks has declined by almost half over the last two decades and is now only 1.4 percentage points above the White rate. Hispanic dropout rates show no consistent trend since 1972 and remain high. High school graduation/completion rates ranged from 68 to 86 percent in 1989, depending on the age range of the group surveyed and whether an equivalency certificate is counted. Several possibilities for improving the accuracy and extending the relevance of the data are discussed. Data are presented in 12 tables and 9 graphs. Time series and standard error tables and technical notes are included in two appendixes. (MYM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Note: For earlier report, see ED 313 947.