ERIC Number: ED325445
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May
Reference Count: N/A
A Multi-Dimensional Approach to Assisting "At-Risk" Students, K-12.
Lohrmann, David K.
Teachers and administrators face three problems when developing programs at the local level for at-risk students: defining "at-risk" for their local district, identifying effective programs, and absorbing the costs of implementation. A six-step process for systematically addressing these problems would urge the schools to: (1) identify the at-risk populations within the school district (e.g., underachievers, alcohol and drug abusers, students with high stress, etc.); (2) consult the professional literature to determine the known causal factors for each at-risk classification; (3) using the PRECEDE Health Planning Model, catagorize these factors as predisposing, enabling, or reinforcing factors and identify which are common to all classifications of being at-risk; (4) collect and analyze data to validate whether factors found in the professional literature apply to the local district; (5) conduct an inventory of existing programs that address causal predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors; and (6) propose additional program components to fill identified voids. In this way, local districts can develop programs for at-risk students by building on existing school, family, and community program components rather than inventing an array of new programs which may be costly but no more effective. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A