ERIC Number: ED325428
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Pay Equity Activity in the Public Sector: 1979-1989. Full Report.
National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC.
Pay equity, sometimes referred to as comparable worth, is a remedy for wage discrimination based on race or sex. It's basic premise is that pay should be based on job-related factors such as skill, effort, responsibility and working conditions, not on a worker's gender or race. Studies have consistently demonstrated that jobs predominantly held by women and/or people of color are paid less than comparable jobs held by white men. Furthermore, studies have shown that these jobs are undervalued because they are held by women and/or people of color. In the 1980s, pay equity became a major political issue. During the decade pay equity initiatives in the public sector brought over $450 million to thousands of women and people of color working for states, cities, counties, school districts, community colleges, and hospitals. The facts about pay equity activities during this period are documented in this comprehensive report. Three levels of pay equity activity are identified: research/data collection; pay equity study; and pay equity adjustments. The means by which the activity at these levels has come about also are discussed and include collective bargaining, legislation, litigation, and grassroots advocacy. The body of the report is given to discussion and analysis of these pay equity activities as they have occurred in the federal government, states, counties, municipalities, school districts, and colleges and universities. The appendix includes a 22-item reference list, a glossary of terms, and a questionnaire on public sector pay equity activity. (DB)
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Comparable Worth, Employed Women, Employment Practices, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Higher Education, Political Issues, Public Sector, Racial Bias, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Bias, Statistical Data, Tables (Data)
National Committee on Pay Equity, 1201 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC.