ERIC Number: ED324835
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jun
Living in the Community: Persons with Mental Retardation and Allied Medical Conditions.
DePaepe, Paris A.; Hayden, Mary F.
Policy Research Brief, v2 n1 Jun 1990
The review summarizes research (1978-1989) on the medical needs of persons with mental retardation living in institutional and community settings. Specifically it addresses six questions: (1) do mentally retarded persons in institutions have more serious medical needs than their community counterparts? (2) when people with mental retardation are moved into the community, does their health/medical status deteriorate? (3) does the community service system provide access to the medical care, resources, and support services needed by the current institutional population? (4) what medical care and services are needed by retarded persons currently in or potentially in the community? (5) what are the barriers to provision of community medical services? (6) what can be done to improve community medical care and services for persons with mental retardation? Among conclusions are that prevalence of different medical conditions is comparable for community residents or institutionalized persons; that persons in state institutions utilize service professionals more frequently than do individuals in the community; that people with mental retardation in the community appear, in general, to be receiving adequate medical and health services; and that the availability of medical care and support services in the community can prevent institutionalization. A table compares the studies reviewed. Includes about 50 references. (DB)
Descriptors: Community Services, Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled), Delivery Systems, Group Homes, Health Needs, Health Services, Incidence, Individual Needs, Institutionalized Persons, Medical Services, Mental Retardation, Special Health Problems
University of Minnesota, Institute of Community Integration, 109 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research and Training Center on Community Living.