ERIC Number: ED324567
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Others on a Child's Self-Esteem.
Shelton, Marisa M.
Aspects of the social environment that contribute to the development of a child's self-esteem are the topic of this literature review. Three issues are addressed. Taken up first are the often conflicting theories concerning how self-esteem is developed and maintained. Second is the issue of the influence on self-esteem of significant others. Third is the influence that family variables have on self-esteem. Self-esteem is found to be more a function of the perceived reflected appraisals of significant others than of modeling parent's self-esteem. Both parents and peers were found to have a significant influence over a child's self-esteem according to most researchers, while it was also found by a few researchers that parents and peers played important, but different, functions for the child. Since families played a role as significant others in the development of a child's self-esteem, the effect of family structure variables and family process variables on self-esteem was examined. The structure variable of divorced families versus intact families had conflicting results. Family process variables of parental support, parental control, and parental punishment were found to influence the child's self-esteem. The complex issues surrounding the development and maintenance of a child's self-esteem indicate a need for more research in this area, and researchers are challenged to refine their theoretical explanations in order to fill in neglected details and to take into account overlooked complexities regarding self-esteem. (ABL)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Research paper for Master of Education degree, Midwestern State University, Texas.