ERIC Number: ED324178
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-May
Reference Count: N/A
A National Study Regarding At-Risk Students.
In a national survey, a total of 1,200 surveys were mailed to school administrators in rural areas in all states. Responses from 312 rural, urban, and suburban school administrators provided estimated percentages of students in 12 high risk categories. Survey data were analyzed by a repeated-measures analysis of variance that considered three factors: community (rural versus non-rural), risk categories, and disability (mildly handicapped versus non-handicapped). This analysis was performed separately for preschool, elementary, middle school, and high school levels. The differences between community type for all risk factors in both disability categories were significant for all levels except preschool. In almost all cases, rural at-risk student estimates exceeded non-rural estimates. Certain risk categories showed large differences (greater than 7 percentage points) between rural and non-rural groups. For the nonhandicapped, these categories were poverty, minority group status, and substance abuse at the elementary level and poverty at the middle school level. For the mildly handicapped, these categories were depression at middle school and high school levels and poverty at all levels. The findings suggest that the social and economic stresses on rural students are at least as difficult as those of urban youth. This report discusses the importance of self-esteem in lowering student risk, and offers recommendations concerning federal and state policies, holistic program approaches, teacher and parent training, and early intervention. An appendix provides statistical data on all risk categories. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Washington Univ., Bellingham. National Rural Development Inst.