ERIC Number: ED324111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Perceptions of School Climate and Student Achievement in Middle and Elementary School.
Montoya, Alicia L.; Brown, Neil L.
The relationship of middle school climate to academic achievement was examined. Participants were members of eight 6th grade classes. Four of the classes were in elementary settings, and four in middle school settings. Classes were matched as closely as possible on economic status and ethnic composition. Entered into correlational analyses were the mathematics, reading, and overall scores on the California Test of Basic Skills, and school climate perception scores in the areas of satisfaction, cohesiveness, friction, difficulty, and competition as measured by the School Climate Inventory Instrument. Findings revealed that elementary and middle school students perceived school climate at essentially the same levels. Middle school students' perceptions of cohesiveness and mathematics, perceptions of reading and satisfaction, and total battery scores and cohesiveness were significantly and positively correlated. Since many correlation coefficients were tested and only three were significant, it was concluded that there were no linear relationships between students' perceptions of school climate and academic achievement. Differences on the scales of cohesiveness and satisfaction indicated that the middle school climate was more positive than that of elementary schools. Recommendations based on the findings are offered. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A