ERIC Number: ED323453
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Early Adolescence: A Critical Time for Interventions in Education and Health.
Hamburg, David A.
This document presents a personal statement concerning the recommendations in "Turning Points," a 1989 publication of the Carnegie Corporation's Task Force on Education of Young Adolescents. This document suggests how the reformulation of middle grade schools along the lines recommended in "Turning Points" can improve the life chances of young people. It begins by briefly reviewing special features of education in early adolescence, then considers the concept of a transformed middle grade school. Seven recommendations from "Turning Points" are examined: (1) dividing large middle schools into smaller communities for learning; (2) providing a core program to all students; (3) maximizing students' opportunities to be successful; (4) giving teachers and principals primary responsibility and authority for middle schools; (5) preparing middle school teachers to teach young adolescents; (6) forming alliances between families and school staff through mutual respect and trust; and (7) linking schools and communities in educating young adolescents. The health component of early adolescent education is also considered and these issues are discussed: life sciences and education for health, school as a health-promoting environment, and ensuring access to health services. The role of the middle school in promoting social support and life skills training is emphasized. The report concludes by encouraging a serious national effort to reform the neglected phase of middle school education and to continue improving it in the future. (NB)
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Daily Living Skills, Intermediate Grades, Intervention, Junior High Schools, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Preadolescents, School Health Services
Carnegie Corporation of New York, 437 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10022 (free).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Note: For "Turning Points," see ED 312 322. Reprinted from the 1989 Annual Report.