ERIC Number: ED323437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Depression and Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression on the Cognitive Processes of Non-Clinical Adolescents.
Moilanen, Donna L.
This study investigated the applicability of Beck's cognitive theory of depression to non-clinical adolescents. Specifically, adolescents' personal and future information processes (i.e., two content areas of the cognitive triad) were examined as a function of their self-reported levels of depression and cognitive vulnerability to depression. Ninth- through 12th-graders (N=84) completed several instruments, including the Beck Depression Inventory, the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, the Hopelessness Scale, and measures of student's recall of both positive and negative self-referent adjectives. The results of a canonical correlational analysis revealed that students' levels of depression (and to a lesser extent, levels of cognitive vulnerability to depression) were significantly related to their negative expectancies towards the future, as predicted. However, support was not found for the relationships between levels of depression, cognitive vulnerability to depression, and students' personal information processes. The findings suggest that Beck's cognitive theory of depression may have limited applicability for understanding and explaining depression in a non-clinical adolescent subject population. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence (3rd, Atlanta, GA, March 22-25, 1990).