ERIC Number: ED322450
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May
Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Comparative Analysis.
Counseling and psychotherapy are not the same, but rather represent two modalities with different theoretical premises which use different techniques and pursue different goals. Counseling always focuses on a specific subject and the interaction between the counselor and the client is generally goal-directed. The counselor focuses on the acute problem of the client and does not try to change the personality and lifestyle of the client. His task is limited by mutual agreement and counseling is almost always a short-term endeavor. Psychotherapy, on the other hand, is differently structured from the beginning. The problems with which psychotherapy deals are more difficult and more comprehensive than those that are encountered in counseling. The client is considered a patient and the treatment process lasts longer and has a different accent than in counseling. The main focus in psychotherapy is on fundamental changes. While counseling adopts an activistic stance, psychotherapy wants the patient to find his own solution to his problems. After comparing the two treatment modalities, this paper examines the technique of psychotherapy, the personality of the psychotherapist, and the criteria for therapeutic success. (NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the North American Society of Adlerian Psychology (36th, Seattle, WA, May 27-30, 1988).