ERIC Number: ED322444
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Illness Behavior and Social Competence in Adolescents.
Walker, Lynn S.; Van Slyke, Deborah A.
This study examined the relationship of illness behavior to perceived competence and gender in adolescents. It was hypothesized that, like adults, adolescents with lower levels of perceived social competence would report more illness behavior. A significant gender difference was expected such that girls would report more illness behavior than boys. A secondary purpose was to develop an adolescent version of the Illness Behavior Inventory and to obtain data on its psychometric properties. High school students (N=76) and their mothers (N=25) completed the Perceived Competence Scale for Children-Adolescent Form, the Adolescent Illness Behavior Inventory, the Self-medication Index, the Child Symptom Checklist--Child Report, and an assessment of school absence. The results revealed that adolescent girls reported more social illness behavior than boys, e.g., they reported that they were more likely to talk about their illness and to behave in ways that let others know they were ill. Boys with low perceived competence were significantly more likely than those with high perceived competence to report illness behavior in social situations. For adolescent girls, in contrast, the data suggest that social illness behavior is not incompatible with high levels of perceived competence. Boys and girls were equally likely to reduce schoolwork and chores when sick. The data provide preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the adolescent version of the Illness Behavior Inventory. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence (3rd, Atlanta, GA, March 22-25, 1990).