ERIC Number: ED322426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Peer, Family, and Intrapersonal Predictors of Adolescent Alcohol Use and Misuse.
Dielman, T. E.; And Others
The purpose of these studies was to develop and test versions of a psychosocial theoretical model that would have implications for the development of adolescent alcohol misuse prevention strategies. In the first study which was part of a test of a school-based refusal skills prevention program, the theoretical model consisted of the latent variables of age of the child, exposure to peer use and misuse of alcohol, susceptibility to peer pressure, self-esteem, internal health locus of control, and the adolescent's use and misuse of alcohol. Subjects (N=4,157) were grade five and six students. In a second cross-sectional study based on students (N=1,340) in grades 6 through 12, an extension of the theoretical model was tested which added variables of image of self as deviant, exposure to peer misuse of alcohol, family cohesiveness, parental alcohol use and attitudes toward alcohol use, parental alcohol misuse and attitudes toward alcohol misuse, sibling alcohol use and attitudes toward alcohol use, and sibling alcohol misuse and attitudes toward alcohol misuse. Implications of the findings regarding susceptibility to peer pressure, alcohol experimentation, parental nurturance and parental use/norms, and development of alcohol misuse programs are discussed. Two tables and five figures are attached. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence (3rd, Atlanta, GA, March 22-25, 1990).