ERIC Number: ED322413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
The Changing Face of the Workforce: 1986-2000--Setting Things Straight.
Hoyt, Kenneth B.
This document presents some understandings of the total labor force and the total job market and suggests some basic interpretations of their meaning. It provides five clarifying statements regarding expected changes in the workforce between 1986 and 2000: (1) growth in the labor force does not necessarily mean growth in jobs; (2) it is unlikely that the new workers will get the new jobs; (3) replacement jobs in low paying occupations are likely for many new workforce members; (4) the total occupational society is not changing quickly; and (5) the changing workforce and the changing occupational structure are on a collision course. The seriousness of the problem from the standpoint of the changing workforce is then illustrated. A section on women discusses the changing characteristics of women workers, notes that most women continue in traditionally female occupations, explains how the earnings gap differences between women and men may be due to more than sex discrimination, and considers how the two-worker family requires changes in the home/family structure. A section on minorities notes that minority persons are disadvantaged both in educational settings and in the workforce. Other sections examine poverty and immigrants in the workforce. It is emphasized that the basic challenges in meeting the needs of the changing workforce in the years 1986-2000 include problems of discrimination, poverty, and educational preparation. It is concluded that priority must be given to providing equality in access to both educational and occupational opportunities. (NB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A