ERIC Number: ED322241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Who Stays? Who Leaves? Findings from the ASPIRA Five Cities High School Dropout Study. Working Paper #89-1.
Fernandez, Ricardo R.; Velez, William
This document combines a review of the literature on Hispanic high school dropouts and urban dropout prevention initiatives with an analysis of the findings of a study of the individual, family, school, and community characteristics of Hispanic ninth grade students in predominantly minority high schools in American cities. The study was designed as a longitudinal multi-method study based on information from school records, a student survey, and one-year follow-up sources. Data collection began in the 1986-87 school year and ended in the 1987-88 school year. The 597-student sample in Year 2 of the study represented all those students who participated in Year 1 for whom there existed complete information, and comprised the following groups: (1) 309 (51.8 percent) Mexican Americans; (2) 161 (27 percent) Puerto Rican; (3) 63 (10.6 percent) Cubans; and (4) 64 (10.7 percent) Central Americans. Correlation analyses showed that the following characteristics were the best predictors of dropping out or remaining in school: (1) age: older students are less likely to remain in school than younger students because they perceive few economic benefits from a high school diploma; (2) academic achievement: good grades boost self-concept and make future learning easier or less costly for good student than for less successful students; (3) paternal presence: single-parent families may provide less adult supervision and cannot financially afford to keep children in school on a steady basis; and (4) absences: truancy indicates a lack of institutional commitment to and alienation from school precipitating the decision to drop out. Policy implications of the following factors are discussed: (1) over-age students; (2) grades; (3) grade repetition; (4) absenteeism; (5) paternal presence; and (6) college aspirations. A 32-item bibliography, a chart illustrating the distribution of the student sample by race/ethnicity, and four tables of statistical data illustrating definitions of the variables are appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Research, Dropouts, Grade 9, High Risk Students, High School Students, High Schools, Hispanic American Students, Hispanic Americans, Literature Reviews, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, School Holding Power, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
Aspira Association, Inc., 1112 16th Street, NW, Suite 340, Washington, DC 20036 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Social Science Research Council, New York, NY.; Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., St. Louis, MO.
Authoring Institution: ASPIRA Association, Inc., Washington, DC. National Office.
Note: For related documents, see UD 027 160-162.