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ERIC Number: ED322241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Who Stays? Who Leaves? Findings from the ASPIRA Five Cities High School Dropout Study. Working Paper #89-1.
Fernandez, Ricardo R.; Velez, William
This document combines a review of the literature on Hispanic high school dropouts and urban dropout prevention initiatives with an analysis of the findings of a study of the individual, family, school, and community characteristics of Hispanic ninth grade students in predominantly minority high schools in American cities. The study was designed as a longitudinal multi-method study based on information from school records, a student survey, and one-year follow-up sources. Data collection began in the 1986-87 school year and ended in the 1987-88 school year. The 597-student sample in Year 2 of the study represented all those students who participated in Year 1 for whom there existed complete information, and comprised the following groups: (1) 309 (51.8 percent) Mexican Americans; (2) 161 (27 percent) Puerto Rican; (3) 63 (10.6 percent) Cubans; and (4) 64 (10.7 percent) Central Americans. Correlation analyses showed that the following characteristics were the best predictors of dropping out or remaining in school: (1) age: older students are less likely to remain in school than younger students because they perceive few economic benefits from a high school diploma; (2) academic achievement: good grades boost self-concept and make future learning easier or less costly for good student than for less successful students; (3) paternal presence: single-parent families may provide less adult supervision and cannot financially afford to keep children in school on a steady basis; and (4) absences: truancy indicates a lack of institutional commitment to and alienation from school precipitating the decision to drop out. Policy implications of the following factors are discussed: (1) over-age students; (2) grades; (3) grade repetition; (4) absenteeism; (5) paternal presence; and (6) college aspirations. A 32-item bibliography, a chart illustrating the distribution of the student sample by race/ethnicity, and four tables of statistical data illustrating definitions of the variables are appended. (FMW)
Aspira Association, Inc., 1112 16th Street, NW, Suite 340, Washington, DC 20036 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: Social Science Research Council, New York, NY.; Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., St. Louis, MO.
Authoring Institution: ASPIRA Association, Inc., Washington, DC. National Office.
Note: For related documents, see UD 027 160-162.