ERIC Number: ED321935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jan-15
Reference Count: 0
Rural Education Problems: Current Status and Future Focus.
Carroll, Sue Ellen
This literature survey examines rural problems and potential improvement strategies that have emerged on the agendas of rural educators and policymakers. The report discusses diverse rural conditions, demographic shifts, economic changes, technological improvements in education, increased demand for reform in curriculum and classroom management, teacher shortages, low educational attainment, financial support, and current federal and state rural education policies. Historically, states have taken responsibility for education, with the Federal Government acting to insure equal opportunity and to disseminate new approaches. Rural people are culturally diverse, but generally hold a relationship with the land and natural resources. Population growth and composition affect the wealth of the economy, career opportunities, tax collection and allocation, teacher availability, and accessibility of potential partnerships. New demands on rural teachers are high, and their retention poses a problem. Rural schools' curriculum and classroom management have also been subject to change due to public pressures for reform. The sparsity of rural population means education is more expensive than it is elsewhere. Financial support for rural schools remains a problem, and rural America continues to have a disproportionate share of educational deprivation. Rural youth generally enter school later, they progress more slowly, and leave earlier. Positive changes will not be possible unless governments and private foundations address the fundamental problems and causes underlying these deficiencies. The document concludes that rural educators must build on the strengths of diversity, learn to use technology effectively, use community resources, and build effective partnership programs. The document includes a bibliography with approximately 60 entries. (TES)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Attainment, Educational Change, Educational Demand, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Problems, Literature Reviews, Population Trends, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural Economics, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Teacher Shortage
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: BellSouth Foundation, Inc. Atlanta, GA.
Authoring Institution: Louisiana Coll., Pineville.