ERIC Number: ED321907
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Parent Involvement and Success for All Children: What We Know Now.
Swap, Susan McAllister
This paper explores the links between student achievement and parent involvement, the importance of continuity between home and school, three philosophies underlying parent programs, and effective practices in parent involvement. The three philosophies considered are those of school-to-home transmission, interactive learning, and partnership for school success. The investigation of these philosophies reveals that the dominant approach used to enhance student achievement is school-to-home transmission of values and skills. The interactive transmission approach is identified as having particular promise when discontinuities between home and school disrupted student learning. The home-school partnership model seems to offer the most promise for bringing school achievement levels of low-income and minority children to those expected for middle-class students. Epstein's (1988) typology of types of parent involvement is used to outline examples of effective practice in each area. It is maintained that community linkages provide a promising direction for expanding the resources offered to children, families, schools, and community organizations. Barriers to effective parent involvement programs and the role of parent involvement in governance and advocacy are also discussed. (RH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Advocacy, Communication (Thought Transfer), Decision Making, Educational Philosophy, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Family School Relationship, High Risk Students, Inner City, Models, Parent Education, Parent Participation, Parent Role, Parents as Teachers, Public Schools, School Community Relationship, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: J.M. Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Responsive Education, Boston, MA.