ERIC Number: ED321900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
A Program To Improve the Social Skills of Preschool Children at a Private Day Care Center through a Problem Solving Approach.
Winer, Roger T.
Over an 8-month period, a preschool teacher's aide designed and implemented a practicum study intended to improve the social skills of preschoolers in a private day care center. Lesson plans for teaching seven social skills through problem solving were created. Skills were related to entering and exiting activities without disrupting them; resolving conflict through negotiation; sharing equipment and toys; taking turns in conversation; refraining from foul or abusive language; and using polite expressions. Children were given a problem situation in the form of a story and were asked how they would behave if they were a character in the story. Teachers and children engaged in role playing in order to demonstrate prosocial behavior. Other interventions were: provision of a reason for expected behavior; direct instruction; practice; prompting; modeling; reviewing; structuring of the environment; encouragement; and large group, small group, and individualized instruction. Evaluation data indicated that outcomes were positive. Participants enjoyed the process of role playing and solving problems with varied approaches. More than three out of four observed behaviors revealed prosocial characteristics. Positive means of achieving prosocial behavior replaced previously used punitive and corrective means. Measures, examples of lessons for each objective, and other related materials are appended. (RH)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Practicum, Nova University.