ERIC Number: ED321800
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul-30
A Search for Leadership. Leadership: What Does It Mean?
Carraway, Cassandra Todd
Over the years, researchers have defined "leadership" in myriad ways. On the whole, they have found that there are various kinds of leadership, that leadership works in many ways, and that it has distinctive requirements and processes. Leadership does not result merely from individual traits, but also involves attributes of the transaction between those who lead, those who follow, and situational variables. Transforming leadership occurs when one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morale. A study of the most effective college presidents found that exemplary educational leaders relied on respect rather than popularity, worked longer hours, made decisions more easily and confided less in other presidents than did their counterparts. Five attributes emerge which define transformational leaders: influence; people orientation; motivation; values; and vision. The development of good leadership qualities requires good communication, promoting mutual rewards between leaders and followers, handling power with care, learning to make decisions, becoming a positive force, and articulating a winning mission. Mentoring programs can also help to strengthen leadership by linking experienced administrators with those who are interested in learning new skills. A leader competency checklist is appended. (JMC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Graduate Seminar Paper, University of California, Los Angeles.