ERIC Number: ED321440
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
A Computer Approach to Teaching English Syntax to Deaf Students.
Fogel, Nancy S.
A computer-based method of communicating syntactic knowledge to deaf students was designed, building on the visual orientation of deaf students and employing such American Sign Language techniques as visualization and directionality. The computer-based instructional treatments were presented as an educational game called the "Yes-No Game," with visual effects using the high resolution graphics capability of the Macintosh computer. As learners created sentence-pictures and built yes-no questions, animated graphics pictured the transformation of sentences to questions. Textual and graphic corrective feedback were displayed on the computer screen to respond specifically to each error that students made in building English questions. Seventeen treatment subjects in grades 8-11, compared with 15 control subjects, showed significant gains in recognition of correct grammatical structures but showed only marginal improvement in actual sentence production. With accompanying pictures to aid comprehension, and with multiple opportunities to practice and to receive immediate visual feedback, the experiment demonstrated that an instructional foundation and methodology can be provided that will help deaf students overcome their difficulties in building yes-no questions in English. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 16-20, 1990).