ERIC Number: ED321438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Variability in Autistic Children's Social Responsiveness.
Fein, Deborah; And Others
This study attempted to systematically explore the range of variation in social response in 17 subjects (ages 5 to 15) with infantile autism. To collect observational data on social initiations, social responses, social monitoring with eye contact, and responses to specific types of social events, subjects were observed during free play in their classroom and during a play session with a stranger. Few children gave spontaneous prosocial responses to simulated distress episodes involving bumped knees or loss of a favorite pen. Children made more social bids to teachers than to other children, but both were low. Most eye contacts accompanied social bids or responses, but some occurred in the absence of any other overt social interchange. The nature of the children's response to social bids by others was positive. Five sources of variability in social responsiveness were apparent: between subjects, across time, between objects, across situations, and between social behavior components. Observations reveal the complexity of social behavior in this socially impaired population. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the International Neuropsychological Society (Orlando, FL, February 1990).