ERIC Number: ED321392
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
Searching for Female Leaders for America's Schools: Are the Women To Blame?
Pavan, Barbara Nelson
In spite of affirmative action efforts, the percentage of female school administrators has barely risen since 1970. When nearly half of the educational administration students are women who are completing both certification and doctoral programs in record numbers, this seems especially puzzling. As it has become more difficult to blame the shortage of women administrators on their unwillingness to earn the necessary credentials, there has been a shift toward blaming women for not applying for the jobs. While all the studies conducted in the 1970s found that men were much more persistent in their job search efforts, the results of studies done in the 1980s indicate a change in that pattern: women were more likely to be making greater job search efforts than men. Additionally, studies revealed that men are twice as likely as women to be preselected for the position of secondary school principal and women reach this administrative position only after much effort. The only administrative job for which women had to make less effort than men was the position of elementary school principal. Women continue to indicate that they are asked illegal questions during the hiring process. In fact, the women perceived more sex discrimination in hiring in recent years. (16 references) (KM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the University Council for Educational Administration (Scottsdale, AZ, October 1989).