ERIC Number: ED321159
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Teenagers Whose Moms Worked: Did It Make a Difference?
Knoblach, Robin; Chambliss, Catherine
One of the fastest growing social and economic trends in the latter half of this century has been the entry of women into the labor force, especially women with children. How a mother's working outside the home affects her children is far from clear. This study examined the relationship between maternal employment status and sex-role concept, autonomy, and locus of control in early adolescence. Level of maternal education and type of maternal occupation were examined as two components of socioeconomic status which may have some bearing on adolescent outcomes. The effect of maternal employment was studied in terms of the child's age when the mother first entered the work force. Subjects (N=81) were eighth grade students grouped in four social studies classes according to academic level. A questionnaire measured sex-role orientation, autonomy, locus of control, and demographic factors. Results failed to reveal many clear patterns of effects from maternal employment variables. Correlations between maternal and child variables differed for boys and girls. Mothers who enjoyed their jobs were more likely to have daughters who held less stereotyped sex-role attitudes. High level of maternal education was positively correlated with daughter's autonomy scores, but not son's. For boys, internality was associated with higher academic level. For girls, an association was revealed between high level of maternal education and internality. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Eastern Symposium on Building Family Strengths (3rd, University Park, PA, March 23-25, 1987).