ERIC Number: ED320972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
The Decade of the Hispanic: An Economic Retrospective.
Miranda, Leticia; Quiroz, Julia Teresa
The report identifies and describes trends characterizing Hispanics' economic situation in the 1980s. It also analyzes the most significant contributions to these trends, and their public policy implications. The following trends are discussed: (1) stagnating income levels and continued high poverty; (2) high proportions of impoverished children; (3) no improvement for woman-maintained households; (4) deepening hardship among married couple families; (5) widening income disparity between Hispanics and other ethnic groups; (6) still significant, still unequal benefits from education; and (7) a decrease in men's earnings with an increase in women's earnings. The following factors contributing to these trends are examined: (1) concentration in low-wage, unstable jobs; (2) undereducation; (3) demographic characteristics such as a relatively younger median age and an increase in female-headed households; (4) increased immigration; (5) cut-backs in Federal programs; and (6) employment discrimination. The basic conclusion of this report is that, by any standard, Hispanics lost ground economically during the 1980s. The most troubling trend identified is the declining position of working, married couple Hispanic families, because this shows that even those who are committed to hard work and family values can be afflicted by poverty. The following policy interventions are suggested: (1) increasing the value of work; (2) improving educational opportunities; (3) enhancing employment opportunities; and (4) reducing employment discrimination. Twenty-seven figures, 16 references, and 13 tables are included. (JS)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC. Office of Research Advocacy and Legislation.