ERIC Number: ED320969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: 0
The Elusive Decade of Hispanics.
Cuban American National Council, Inc.
The 1980s were dubbed "The Decade of Hispanics" by the news media, who realized that the rapid growth of the Hispanic American population could be used by them to demand equitable political empowerment and full participation in American social, economic, and educational life. But Hispanics did not move as rapidly as observers had predicted because the diverse groups comprising the Hispanic community required the early part of the decade to develop a collective awareness. It was not until the latter part of the 1980s that their leadership could focus on a national political agenda. Political influence was reflected by an increase in the number of Hispanic elected officials and the appointment of several Hispanics to high-level government positions. Hispanic affluence increased, Hispanic businesses proliferated, and the Hispanic consumer market also grew. However, the following shortfalls and losses are also noted: (1) an anti-Hispanic backlash, including immigration restrictions and the English Only Movement; (2) an increase in Hispanic poverty and unemployment levels; and (3) a serious decline in Hispanic educational attainment levels and the loss of bilingual education programs. The Cuban American community was negatively affected by the decision to cease granting automatic exile status to Cubans, the use of immigration as a negotiating tool between the United States and Cuba, and the deportation to Cuba of non-Mariel Cuban immigrants. The Cuban American school dropout rate increased as did participation in juvenile gangs. However, Cuban Americans experienced political, economic, and professional growth. Statistical data are included on five graphs. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Cuban American National Council, Inc.