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ERIC Number: ED320912
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Aptitude: What It Is, How To Use It, and How To Affect It.
Macklem, Gayle L.
The concept of aptitude is reviewed, and the uses and misuses of aptitude tests are considered. Many aptitude tests measure general ability plus certain more specialized abilities that are important for success in particular educational programs. Aptitude tests can be subdivided into: (1) group-administered aptitude tests, such as the Scholastic Aptitude Test; (2) multifactor aptitude tests, exemplified by the Differential Aptitude Test; (3) specific aptitude tests; and (4) individually administered aptitude tests (intelligence tests). Aptitude tests have three major uses: instructional purposes; administration; and guidance. Several potential misuses of aptitude tests can occur, particularly if results are interpreted as fixed or immutable. In considering the effects of schooling on results of ability measures, it is important to consider the many reasons for change in individual test scores. While it may not be possible to raise intelligence quotients permanently, habits can be taught that allow a child to make the most of natural ability. Raising achievement test scores and teaching test-taking skills are generally acceptable objectives. Improvement of academic aptitude may be possible through direct training in learning strategies and the development of executive learning skills, i.e., skills involved in planning, monitoring, and evaluating one's own thinking. A 35-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A