ERIC Number: ED320901
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Toward a New Interpretation of Female Values in School and Community Sport.
Given the findings that females and males of all ages approach sport from markedly different perspectives, sport sociologists have acknowledged sex differences in sport socialization factors and processes. (Sport is defined in its broadest sense to encompass a range of formal and informal sport, fitness, play, and leisure activities.) It has been implied, and sometimes stated explicitly, that if females were socialized to be more like males (a deficit model), they would be better equipped to avail themselves of the full range of sport options. This paper offers a feminist critique of selected studies, representative of feminist and nonfeminist research, which examine the connected topics of children's sex-specific play patterns and girls' and women's entry into and continued participation in sport. Where there is evidence of the deficit model, alternative interpretations and explanations based on radical feminist analysis are proposed. The critique shows up serious sex biases in research instruments due to the entrenched assumption that competitiveness is a mark of the superior male sport orientation. Even qualitative findings are subject to misinterpretation if the female deficit model is not challenged. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport (Washington, DC, November 1989).